HEMA stands for Historical European Martial Arts. It is a collective term for various fighting disciplines that are being rediscovered via fight manuals. This type of research has been done in earnest for decades and there are many fine resources available to students.
At the Melbourne Salle we support schools covering a variety of disciplines including:
George Silver English Backsword
Bolognese sidesword and buckler
Fiore Longsword and grappling
Shingen Ryu Japanese longsword (Historical Eastern Martial Arts)
Training is normally done with padded jackets and fencing masks with synthetic or steel swords.